节日中的中国文化

所属分类:民俗文化  
出版时间:2009-11   出版时间:顾琳敏 中国福利会出版社 (2009-11出版)   作者:顾琳敏   页数:71  

内容概要

  农历十二月三十,是中国传统的除夕之夜,既是一年勤苦忙碌、辞别旧岁的重要时刻,又具有祈望将-来、迎接新年的特殊意义。这一天晚上,家家户户男女老少都要欢聚在一起吃年夜饭。这一顿年夜饭可以说是一年中最丰盛的晚餐,还有很多的讲究,如必须吃鱼寓意“年年有余”。按照旧习俗,大人小孩在这天晚上都要守岁,点起红蜡烛,插一把大香,等待烛和香燃尽。年夜饭的守岁酒和果品也是不能吃完的,要陪伴人们守岁,吃到第二年。  午夜零点一到,鞭炮齐鸣,烟花漫天,人们迎来新的一年。其实,春节在农历中也是元旦的意思,但是后来改用公历纪年,辛亥革命以后,就把农历正月初一改为“春节”了。春节放鞭炮,来源于燃竹时发出“砰——啪”的声音。传说古代的人们用燃竹来吓走山鬼怪兽。后来,人们把四大发明之一的火药用来制作爆竹,还发明了各种各样的爆竹烟花,以期趋吉避凶,来年吉祥如意。  过春节时,家家户户门上都会贴春联和门神。春联上写的是各种吉祥的话。现在,很多人家还喜欢把“福”字倒着贴在门上,与“福到”谐音。初一一早,人们还要穿上新衣服,互相串门拜年,说着吉祥如意的话,表达对来年的美好希望。而孩子们最开心的,莫过于在给长辈们拜年的时候,会收到一封红纸包裹的压岁钱。“压岁”和“压祟”同音,意思是长辈们希望给孩子压住邪祟,平平安安地度过新的一年。

书籍目录

Chinese
New
YearThe
Lantern
FestivalThe
Beginning
of
SpringThe
Spring
Dragon's
FestivalThe
Flower's
DayThe
Cold
Food's
DayThe
Pure
BrightnessThe
Beginning
of
SummerDragon
Boat
FestivalSeventh
Eve
FestivalO-bon
FestivalThe
Mid-autumn
DayChong
Yang
FestivalThe
Winter
SolsticeLaba
FestivalSeeing
off
the
Kitchen
God

章节摘录

插图:When
the
bell
of
the
zero
hour
rings,
people
play
fireworks
to
celebratethe
coming
of
the
New
Year,
with
firecrackers
bursting
all
aroundand
fireworks
blossoming
in
the
sky.
Actually,
the
Spring
Festivalmeans
the
same
as
the
New
Year's
Day
according
to
Chinese
lunarcalendar.
However
after
the
Revolution
of
1911,
China
began
to
takethe
Georgian
Calendar
to
number
the
years,
so
the
1st
day
of
thelunar
month
was
revised
as
the
Spring
Festival.
The
tradition
of
playingfirecrackers
in
the
Spring
Festival
originated
from
a
legend.
It
wassaid
that
the
ancient
people
burnt
bamboo
to
frighten
the
ghosts
andmonsters,
because
the
cracking
sound
of
burning
bamboo
intimidatedthem
a
lot.
Later,
people
used
gunpowder,
one
of
the
four
greatinventions
of
ancient
China,
to
make
firecrackers,
which
producedthe
same
cracking
sound,
when
played,
as
that
of
burning
bamboo.Furthermore,
various
kinds
of
fireworks
were
invented
to
play
on
NewYear's
Eve
so
as
to
pursue
good
fortune
and
avoid
disaster,
and
tosignify
good
luck
and
happiness.

编辑推荐

《节日中的中国文化》:欢迎来到中国

图书封面


    节日中的中国文化下载



用户评论 (总计0条)

 
 

 

第一图书网

文化类PDF图书下载,民俗文化PDF图书下载。 文化共享网 

文化共享网 @ 2017